Wednesday, August 15, 2007

DTN overview and instructions

DTN is a disaster tolerant network implementation. Some samples of how to use it and a short description may be found here. Over the past few weeks I've been trying to configure it to perform link state routing. I wanted to document all the things I had to set up to get discovery and routing to work, as well as any issues I've encountered with putting DTN on an arm platform.

To set it up, first add dtn2 package to buildroot. I took what Dave from prisms put together and adapted it to the new version of dtn. The package files can be grabbed here. Download the tarball, extract into ${gumstix-buildroot}/package and add dtn2 to the list of packages in DTN depends on having a storage db and a tcl interpreter. Both need to be included in your buildroot make config before adding dtn to it. I found that building those first helps as well. The package files assume berkeleydb is the one installed. Also, the dtn package files assume that there is a local tcl build for arm in /usr/local/tcl-arm. You can change that by modifying the file. Lastly, I forgot to amend the patch and it currently breaks. The fix is to add "-I/usr/local/tcl-arm/include" to LDFLAGS otherwise it won't be able to locate the tcl.h file. The file to modify for this is in the ${dtn2}/oasys folder. After this dtn should build fine.

Once dtn is built, to configure it for dtlsr the following has to be done. For a simple scenario, you have to specify the interfaces and route type, as well as the node name. The interfaces are specified with "interface name type", e.g. interface udp0 udp or interface tcp0 tcp. This will create a listening socket on on the default port (4556). To specify the node name add 'route local_eid "name"' in the routing configuration. Another piece is to set the routing to use the dtlsr router. This can be done with 'route set type dtlsr'.

Lastly to use dtlsr the nodes need to send and listen for discoveries from other nodes. To set up the listening portion use the following command: 'discovery add discovery_name ip port=2000 local_addr='. The local_addr option is not required but useful if dtn should listen on only one interface. The port option is required and the ip type uses udp packets to broadcast. Now to add the announcements use the following: discovery announce name discovery_name tcp interval=5 cl_addr= This will send announcements using udp every 5 seconds on the interface with address If you have multiple interfaces, each of these has to be specified, i.e. you need an announcement for each with the interface ip address.

In order to change configuration of a running dtn instance, one can telnet to port 5050 on localhost and then execute all of the commands specified in the config file manually. One can also view the available routes, links, bundles, etc. To view the bundles use "bundle list". To view the routing table use "route dump".

This is sufficient to set up a simple dtn with link state routing. Often times you'd like to retrieve the data from this network. For that purpose one could define a static link to a receiving computer that has a static ip. To do that use this command:
link add NAME ONDEMAND tcp. Also add a route for it with: route add dtn://eid/* linkNAME. For example, route add dtn://dtnrg.dtn/* NAME. This will setup a static link to node on port 4556 and create a route for it, assuming the eid is dtn://dtnrg.dtn. The information sent can be viewed on the receiver with bundle list or use the dtnrecv command, which takes the destination dtn node eid and prints bundles addressed to it to screen.

Lastly, before running the dtn daemon for the first time you have to initialize the storage database. Do that with dtnd --init-db. Add "-c config_file" to use the "config_file". To set the storage, comment out
foreach dir {/var/dtn /var/tmp/dtn} {
if {[file isdirectory $dir]} {
set dbdir $dir
and specify the db with 'set dbdir "/home/dtn"' for example.


Kouran said...

Heya, i'm doing a work on dtn on a verdex platform right now and stumbled upon your blog. it would be great if you could send me the dtn2 package for the dumstix since the link is dead.

many thanks

some gread student said...

Yep, I could. Sorry didn't get back to you for a month and a half. Let me know what your address is. Although, you're probably past this point anyway.